Status of Women’s in Higher Education
In India about 60 percent of the population lives in about six lakh villages and half of them live below the poverty line. Villagers living within on and the outskirts of the forests depend upon forest for their livelihood. Among the villagers who are mostly dependent on the forest are the tribal people. There are about six crores tribals in India out of whom most of them are either marginal farmer of landless people. In the rural areas, women mostly act as helpers to men in agricultural activities. They do such works as harvesting, weeding, planting, threshing, manuring, etc. these are classified are agricultural laborers. Sherwan (1984) stated that agriculture and allied activities provide employment to the largest no. of women workers. In 1971 the no. of women employed was 405,000. This increased to 581,600 in 1979. However, in terms of the proportions of women to total person employed there was a decline from 37.6 to 35.9 percent. This is a significant indicator of the shift of female workers from agriculture to non-agricultural work. Among the tribal population, the works of the household collection of fuel wood, cultivation, etc have been equally divided between male and females (Jha and Sen, 1991). The entry of women into formal education system began in 19th century. Although the government was making efforts for girls education. Social reform movements of the 19th and 20th century played a vital role in the upliftment of women.