Technological Innovations for Sustainable Environment
Sustainable development is that mode of development that meets the needs of today's generation without compromising the ability of the next generation to meet its own needs. Sustainable development means progress in human well-being that can span generations instead of just a few years. Innovation and community action are two important axes for sustainable development.
Sustainability concepts based on the idea of resource enhancement or energy efficiency due to technological progress tend to overestimate the effects of possible savings as they often ignore the behavioral responses brought about by technological improvements. Sustainable development is the organizing principle to maintain the limited resources needed to meet the needs of future generations of the planet. The speed and direction of technical change is seen as induced by changes in relative resources and by institutional innovations, such as the modern research university and the industrial research laboratory. Community action is a neglected but potentially important site for innovative activity. Bridging this gap offers a new theoretical approach to the study of community-level action for sustainability.
Technology will have to play a key role in the process of change in the industrial society. But innovation must be integrated into social and organizational innovation. We need a socio-technical change. Less complete levels of innovation, even those that aim for greater sustainability, can offset the transitions that have the greatest potential for sustainable development by improving competitive (unsustainable) technology. This article devoted to issues of technology policy, including competitiveness, the environment, the U.S science and technology policy, and the transition to sustainable growth at the global level.
Keywords: Innovation, Technology, Sustainable development, Environment, Future generation.