Effects of Water Pollution on Human Health in Unnao District
Pure drinking water is the basic need for human life. No life can exist or survive without water on earth. In India, inspite of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, more than 44% villages lack proper wastewater disposal systems. More than 50% villages in India lack proper system for domestic waste disposal. Though, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has brought down open defication in rural areas of India, a lot of work has to be done yet in this field. Lucknow and Kanpur are the most important cities of Uttar Pradesh, one of the largest states of India. Unnao is a town situated between these two metropolitan cities of Uttar Pradesh. This town is not only an important area of rice cultivation, but an important industrial area as well. However, untreated industrial waste from this town and nearby areas is directly exposed to the river Ganga and other water bodies near Unnao and Kanpur. This has lead to contamination of the land of Unnao and nearby areas with intoxicants such as Chromium, Arsenic and Floride; and the quantity of such elements is increasing day by day. Furthermore, massive usage of chemical fertilizers and pesticides has added to the devastation of water pollution in this area. The present study deals with the effects of water pollution in Unnao district and their solution of this problem.