State of Morbidity in India: Evidences from IHDS Data
There is a very common saying that if a person intends to live a wealthy life he has to be healthy first. Health is a very important component of human capital which plays a vital role in the path economic development. Ill health and disability reduces the productivity and efficiency of an individual to perform and innovate. Despite of the improvement in the longitivity of the population as an outcome of reduction in mortality rate, India is observing increased burden of non-communicable, chronic and lifestyle related diseases in different region with different socio- economic profiles of population. This is a threat to the wellbeing of a person in particular and a country as a whole. Therefore an interregional study on morbidity across different socio-economic cohort would identify the sections of the society suffering the burdern of diseases the most. This could lead to more focused and smooth implementation of health policy. This paper attempts to study the rate of morbidity across different social and demographic cohret and the proximate determinants for the same using logistic regression analysis.The Data used for the study is unit level household data from the Indian Human Development Survey–II, 2011-12. Among the results, relationship of morbidity with age and education is statistically significant. Prevalence of diseases such as fever, cough and diarrhea is higher in central and eastern part of India and the diseases such as high blood pressure; cancer etc is higher in southern region. Women face the oppression of ailment more than their male counterparts.
Keywords-Health, short term morbidity, long term morbidity