Empowerment of Women Teachers: Women’s Role in Urban Society
Empowerment is a multi-faceted, multi-dimensional and multi-layered concept. Empowerment means vesting power where it does not exist or exist inadequately. It mainly means decentralization of power. The origin of the concept of empowerment goes back to the civil right movement in U.S.A in 1960s. Empowerment of women is one of the leading issues all over the world. Many agencies of United Nation in their report have emphasized that gender issue is to be given the utmost importance. Impact and effect of this issue in Indian scenario needs no stress, its urgency and the role of education in it can be understood through various plans and policies going on in the political and social scenario including the latest slogan given by our respected Prime Minister, Modiji “Beti Bachao Beti Padhao”. Mahatma Gandhi has stated the importance of women education in these words, “I am strongly of the opinion that women education should have the same facilities as men, even special facilities were essential”. The National Policy of Education (1986) and its Programme of Action (1992) has specifically emphasized on education for women equality and has recognized this as a corner stone for all kinds of women endeavour for helping girls and women to participate in all socio-economic activities. The International Education Commission states “providing women and girls with an education which will as quickly as possible bridge the gap separating them from men and give them the chance for action and empowerment hitherto withheld from them in the work place, in society and sphere of politics, is more than an ethical imperative.” The most powerful tool for empowering the females is „employment‟. Teaching is one of the professions where female representation is appreciable. Therefore, the researcher felt the need to study the empowerment of women teachers especially in urban society.