A Conceptual Study on the Socio Economic Conditions of Soura tribes of Gajapati District in Odisha
India after Africa has the second largest concentration of tribal population in the world. There are 609 tribal communities in India, which constitute the weaker section of the Indian society. They are generally inhabited in unhealthy forest covered regions mostly inaccessible to other people. Each tribal in an ethnic group and is also distinct from one another in ethnic affinity and social practices. They are having some special salient features which make them unique we treat the Community as Tribes. Though the globe is playing with IT reform and economic fairness but these are far away from the tribes residing under the area under study. According to 2011 Census data the population growth increased 2.73 % from 2001 Conesus data but the literacy rate declines 12.23 % from 2001 data which reflects lack of awareness and policy implementation under the study area.The major tribal groups residing at Gajapati district of Odisha are Sauras, Lanjia Souras, Sabar and Kondhas. The district is lagging far behind in terms of socio-economic parameters compare with other parts of the state. This Conceptual paper is based on primary as well as secondary sources of data. This paper explains the facts relating to the growth of tribes, action plan taken by the policy makers for tribal development, Socio economical culture of Soura tribes residing under the area under study. Paper also gives emphasis on the suggestive measures for these socio economically excluded category to include in the development flow of the rest of the world.
Keywords: Tribal, Growth, Employment and Economic Development