Economic Development By Reducing The Burden Of Non-Communicable Diseases In India
The Indian economy is a developing mixed economy. It is the world’s seventh largest economy by GDP. India is growing faster than any other country (except China) globally. But, beside this, it faces significant challenges along with its opportunities for further growth in recent years. In India, the most common non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases etc. These NCDs are the major threat to public health and country’s economic growth & development. According to World Health organization (WHO), the leading modifiable risks factors associated with these NCDs are tobacco use, physical inactivity, overweight/obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, high blood glucose levels etc. In India, around 5.87 million deaths that account for 60% of all deaths occur due to NCDs. In South-East Asia Region of World Health Organization, more than two-third of total NCD related deaths has been shared by India only where cardiovascular diseases contribute to around 45% of all NCD deaths followed by chronic respiratory disease (22 %), cancers (12 %) and diabetes (3%).
In India, the prevalence of overweight and obesity increases in rapid pace in all sex and ages. The prevalence of uses of tobacco, which has been identified as a single largest risk factor for NCDs, is higher than the global prevalence of current tobacco uses. Beside this, among Indian population, per capita consumption of alcohol & sedentary lifestyle are increases day by day which are also responsible for this rapid increasing of NCDs in India. Thus, the household expenses for tackle these NCDs have been increasing since last two decades. In India, a large amount of people receive free treatment from Government state general hospitals where everything is given for free from diagnosis to medicine. The Government of India, expenses a lot of revenue for healthcare mainly for NCDs, which may spend in other development projects. Therefore, to contribute in economic development, there are need an effective preventive strategy to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases in India.
Keywords: Non-Communicable Disease, Economic Impact in India, Policy to overcome.